Nineteenth Century Tithes for All Saints Church - Orton

Thanks to a publication by the Rev. Robert Simpson M.A. we know what tithes were collected by the vicar of Orton in 1842.

"To the said vicarage is also belonging the tithe of wool throughout the parish; and the manner of tithing is this, the owner lay his whole year’s produce in five parcels or heaps, the vicar, or person employed by him, chooseth one of the five heaps, which he pleaseth and divides the same into two parts, of which two parts the owner chooseth one, and leaves the other to the vicar for his tenth part.

The tithe of lambs in their proper kind (alive) throughout the parish, and the custom concerning them is this, if a person’s number is one, he pays a penny; if two he pays two-pence; if three, pe pays three-pence; if four, he pays four-pence; If five, he pays half a lamb; if six a whole lamb, the vicar paying back four-pence; if seven, three-pence; if eight, two-pence; if nine one-penny; if ten, the vicar hath a lamb complete; and in a like manner for every number above ten. And if a man’s number is under fifty, the tithe is taken thus, the owner takes up two, then the vicar takes 1; next the owner takes nine, then again the vicar takes one, and so on till the vicar hath taken the number due to him: if they are fifty or upwards, they are put into a place altogether, and run out singly through a hole or gap; the two first that come out are the owner’s, the tird the vicar’s, then the owner hath the next nine, then the vicar one, and so on till the vicar hath his number. And if sheep are sold in the spring, the tithe of lambs is paid by the person with whom they were lambed, whether seller or buyer.

The tithe of geese, taken up about Michaelmas, in the same manner as the lambs; except that whereas a penny is paid on the account of each odd lamb, an halfpenny only is paid for each odd goose.

The tithe of pigs in like manner.

The tithe of eggs about Easter, two eggs for each old hen and duck, and one egg for each chicken and duck of the first year.

By every person who sows hemp is paid yearly one penny.

 For every plough is paid yearly one penny.

By every person keeping bees is paid yearly one penny.

An obligation of four-pence at every churching of women.

For every wedding, by publication of banns, one shilling; by license, ten shillings.

For every funeral (without a sermon) six-pence.

For every person of age to communicate, three halFpence yearly, due at Easter."

Glebes, tithes and profits of Orton vicarage were worth about 90. per year (about 9000 in 2016)